Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of sunshine to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect. Lighting includes the use of both synthetic light sources like lamps and light fixtures, in addition to pure illumination by capturing daylight. Daylighting (using windows, skylights, or light cabinets) is typically used as the primary source of sunshine during daytime in buildings. This could save power in place of using synthetic lighting, which represents a serious element of power consumption in buildings. Proper lighting can improve activity efficiency, improve the appearance of an area, or have positive psychological results on occupants.
Indoor lighting is normally accomplished using light fixtures, and is a key part of interior design. Lighting can be an intrinsic element of panorama projects.
With the invention of fireplace, the earliest form of synthetic lighting used to illuminate an area had been campfires or torches. As early as 400,000 BCE, fire was kindled in the caves of Peking Man. Prehistoric folks used primitive oil lamps to illuminate surroundings. These lamps had been made from naturally occurring supplies comparable to rocks, shells, horns and stones, had been full of grease, and had a fiber wick. Lamps sometimes used animal or vegetable fats as fuel. A whole bunch of these lamps (hollow worked stones) have been found in the Lascaux caves in modern-day France, relationship to about 15,000 years ago. Oily animals (birds and fish) had been also used as lamps after being threaded with a wick. Fireflies have been used as lighting sources. Candles and glass and pottery lamps had been also invented
. Click here to see all picture