Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of light to attain a sensible or aesthetic effect. Lighting includes using both artificial gentle sources like lamps and light fixtures, as well as pure illumination by capturing daylight. Daylighting (utilizing windows, skylights, or gentle cabinets) is usually used as the primary supply of light throughout daytime in buildings. This will save power rather than utilizing artificial lighting, which represents a serious part of power consumption in buildings. Proper lighting can improve task performance, enhance the looks of an area, or have optimistic psychological results on occupants.
Indoor lighting is usually completed utilizing light fixtures, and is a key part of inside design. Lighting will also be an intrinsic part of landscape projects.
With the discovery of fireplace, the earliest form of artificial lighting used to illuminate an area have been campfires or torches. As early as 400,000 BCE, fire was kindled in the caves of Peking Man. Prehistoric folks used primitive oil lamps to illuminate surroundings. These lamps have been produced from naturally occurring materials resembling rocks, shells, horns and stones, have been filled with grease, and had a fiber wick. Lamps usually used animal or vegetable fat as fuel. A whole bunch of those lamps (hollow worked stones) have been found in the Lascaux caves in modern-day France, relationship to about 15,000 years ago. Oily animals (birds and fish) have been also used as lamps after being threaded with a wick. Fireflies have been used as lighting sources. Candles and glass and pottery lamps have been also invented
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